The 5 Freedoms of Animal Welfare


The welfare of an animal includes its physical and mental state. Good animal welfare implies both fitness and a sense of well-being. Any animal kept by man must be protected from unnecessary suffering.

The five freedoms of animal welfare were developed in the UK in 1965 and were originally for use with livestock, but have since been taken and used by animal welfare agencies throughout the world.


  • Freedom from Hunger and Thirst
    By ready access to fresh water and diet to maintain health and vigor
  • Freedom from Discomfort
    By providing an appropriate environment, including shelter and a comfortable resting area
  • Freedom from Pain, Injury, and Disease
    By prevention or rapid diagnosis and treatment
  • Freedom to Express Normal Behavior
    By providing sufficient space, proper facilities, and company of the animal's own kind
  • Freedom from Fear and Distress
    By ensuring conditions and treatment which avoid mental suffering



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